Places To See - India Gate


This monument was built in the memory of the Indian soldiers who fought and died in World War I. India Gate was designed by Sir Edward Lutyens and took 10 years to be completed. The foundation stone was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught, in 1921. Lord Irwin, the then Viceroy, dedicated it to the country in 1931, after Lutyens finished it.

This monument, situated in Rajpath, reminds us of France's L'arc de Triomphe. The Gate's arch, which is 42m high, is a masterpiece. The arch stands on a foundation of Bharatpur stone, and is layered in its length. Above the arch, on both sides, is inscribed INDIA, flanked by MCM and to the right, XIX. The shallow domed bowl at the top is for burning oil to be filled in on anniversaries.

This war memorial bears the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the 1919 Afghan War. After India gained Independence, another war memorial called Amar Jawan Jyoti (The flame of the immortal warrior) was added. It is different for the fact that is a flame that burns day and night under the arch, to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971.

Around the India Gate is a huge stretch of lawns and lighted up areas. It is visited by scores of people daily. The lawns are a popular picnic spot.